DANIEL QUARE, LONDON
An important month duration Queen Anne period longcase clock contained in a magnificent case constructed principally of oak and veneered with the finest burr walnut veneers, of excellent colour and figure.
The square hood has brass capitals and bases and turned burr walnut veneered pillars. To the front and sides there are finely carved sound frets. The restored caddy top has three gilt brass ball and spire finials and an applied brass mount to the top. Both the hood and trunk doors have brass moulded surrounds and the trunk door has four original gilt spandrels to each corner.
The month duration movement is an example of Quare’s finest work. The striking and going trains are reversed: i.e. the strike is on the right hand side and the going train is on the left hand side.
The 14 inch (35.5cm) square brass dial is mounted with finely cast foliate and Indian mask spandrels. The engraved chapter ring and subsidiary seconds ring have a silvered finish and the dial centre is finely matted with an aperture to view the day of the month. The maker’s signature, Dan Quare LONDON is engraved on the plate in an oval plaque above the date aperture.
The scale and quality of this special clock are remarkably similar to two year equation timepieces illustrated in Early English Clocks by Dawson, Drover and Parkes.
Date: circa 1700
Height: 110 in (279 cm) excluding top finial
Height: 117 ¼ in (298 cm) including top finial
Width: 23 ½ in (60 cm)
Depth: 12 ½ in (32 cm)
*Daniel Quare is one of the great names from the finest period of English clockmaking and a worthy contemporary of Thomas Tompion, George Graham and Daniel Delander. He was born circa 1647 and became a Brother of the Clockmakers' Company in 1671. He went on to serve as Master in 1708. In about 1707 he took on Stephen Horseman as a partner and he continued the business after Quare's death in 1724. Daniel Quare's reputation rests largely on the fact that he was a great innovator. He and Tompion were the first to make some highly important walnut longcase clocks of year duration showing the equation of time and other complications. One of these is now in the Ilbert Collection in the British Museum. He was also successful in a judgement made by James II in 1688 for a Patent for a repeating watch, his rival being the Rev. Edward Barlow. Among his other inventions was a portable barometer and many superb examples exist in important collections today.
Quare was an arch rival to Thomas Tompion but as a practising Quaker he would not sign any oaths of allegiance. This prevented his appointment as Clockmaker to the King. Nevertheless he was a regular visitor at the Royal Palace and was 'free of the back stairs'. He had a highly successful business and counted many members of the nobility and foreign ambassadors amongst his clientele.
Tom Robinson The Longcase Clock, Antique Collectors’ Club, p. 175, fig. 8/24
Dawson, Drover and Parkes Early English Clocks, p. 283 col. pls. 15 & 16, p. 293 pls. 409 – 411.